Year III, January – June 2018, 1 – 2

Sokol Çunga

Dorëshkrime të reja në greqisht në Arkivin Qendror Shtetëror - Paraqitje e parë

Abstract

New greek manuscripts at the Central State Archive of Albania – A first presentation

Keywords: byzantine manuscripts, post-byzantine manuscripts, interpretation of dreams, Central State Archive – Albania, Monastery of Philanthropon, Theodore Hadjiphilipides, Athanasios Psalidas, Eugenios Boulgaris, Ginos of Pogonianis.

Up to the present, among the documents at the Central State Archive of Albania, the place of honor has been given to the Collection of Codices, to the Greek byzantine and post-byzantine manuscripts. Lately, the number of 119 known manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts has been enriched with 11 other manuscripts, newly found. They were preserved at the Library of the CSA, without being catalogued at earlier times and, eventually, were never made known to the scientific public.
In our paper we will present for the first time these newly found manuscripts of CSA, which date between the 14th and the 19th century. Their content, written in Greek (with some exception), is: 1) Oneirocritikon of Achmet, son of Sirin (Ὀνειροκριτηκόν τοῦ Αχμέτ, υἱοῦ Σιρίν); 2) Nomokanon; 3) short geography of Athanassios Psalidhas; 4) Political geography; 5) Liturgical texts in Greek and Vallachian with Greek characters; 6) a notebook with the notes of two pupils, copies of theological texts; 7) a notebook, grammar and mathematic exercises, between them some folios written in the alphabet of Theodhor Haxhifilipi; 8) a notebook containing grammar exercises and French-Greek-French dictionary, Italian-Greek-Italian dictionary, Latin-Greek-Latin dictionary; 9) pastoral texts by Christophor the Spiritual, Mr. Misail and Eugen Boulgaris, manuscript from the 18th century; 10) Psalms of David and the Nine Odes, printed book of the 17th century, containing handwritten folios dating at the end of the same century, possibly copied by Ghinos, priest and oikonomos of Pogonianis; 11) Dypticha of the Monastery of Philanthropon, manuscript from the 14th century.

Italo Sarro

Un “principale" albanese nella Venezia del ‘700 tra gioco, divorzio e politica

Abstract

The case of an Albanian nobleman in the Venice of 1700s caught up in gambling, divorce and politics

Keywords: Domenica Bardhi, Giovanbattista Vladagni, Scutari, Venice, divorce, Giorgio Radovani.

An Albanian nobleman residing in Venice must flee the Most Serene Republic and return to his homeland because of his gambling debts and the molesting creditors. His wife though decides not to follow him, as she has thought of divorcing the spouse and has in fact by now already filed a request to the patriarch of Venice. Scholar Italo Sarro reconstructs the life of the couple thanks to documents from the archives of the Propaganda Fide in Rome. The husband, Count Vladagni addressed the Congregation several times indeed in order to persuade his spouse to return home to Albania, as his household and his good name did not deserve such a shame. He even threatened that he would ask the Pasha to intervene. But all to no avail. The circumstances were against him, as in the Venice of the 1700s, the Albanian laws of Kanun were effectless. Moreover, the woman had addressed the state in order to defend her rights.

Kurt Gostentschnigg

Thallóczy and Nopcsa – Two leading Austro–Hungarian albanologists competing for symbolic capital

Abstract

Keywords: Autro-Hungarian Albanology,  Pierre Bourdieu, cultural imperialism, Jireček, Šufflay, Hahn, Thallóczy, Veith, Praschniker, Jokl, Lambertz.

One of the aims of the research project FWF Austro-Hungarian Albanology (1867-1918) – a case of Cultural imperialism? conducted by the Institute of History, Faculty of History and Antropology of Southeastern Europe, at Graz University was to redefine science in terms of collaboration in the Austro-Hungarian relationships. For this purpose were used key concepts such as illusio, doxa and capitals, all loans from the Pierre Bourdieu’s praxeology. The monology The Austro-Hungarian Albanology (1867-1918), which is about to see the light, analyses the inherent characteristics of all actors and factors who influenced Albanology.
There were apparently three groups of scholars: 1. Scientists spurred by purely scientific interests such as Jireček, Šufflay, Patsch, Meyer, Schober, Miklosich, Schuchardt, Meyer–Lübke, Jokl dhe Lambertz; 2. The group with mixed political and scientific interests such as Hahn, Thallóczy, Ippen dhe Nopcsa; 3. The group of scholars with military and scientific interests best represented by Veith, Praschniker, Seiner, Haberlandt, Nopcsa, Jokl and Lambertz.
The fact that Nopcsa, Jokl and Lambertz fall under two different categories is owed to their different interests in Albanology in different periods.

Carlo Pardi Suma

Il pellegrinaggio mancato alla Chiesa della Madonna del Buon Consiglio di Scutari (Maggio 1930)

Abstract

The pilgrimage to the Church of Mother of Good Counsel, in Shkodra which never took place. (May 1930)

Keywords: Mother of Good Counsel, Pilgrimage, Genazzano, Zogu, Scutari, Shkodër, Lazer Miedja, Ugo Sola.

A delegation from Genazzano, Rome, where the shrine of the Lady of Good Counsel is, was supposed to participate in the consecration of the new Church of Madonna of Good Counsel in Shkoder. The pilgrimage did not take place due to the staunch opposition of a group of nationalists from Shkodër who were against the proposal of putting a plaque commemorating the contribution of the Italian government to the building of the church.
The event is not of a minor importance considering the ups and downs of the political relations between Albania and Italy. It represents the rapid changes in the political climate between the two governments and with the public opinion in Albania. Once consolidated his position in the country, king Ahmet Zogu believed he could turn a cold shoulder to the Italian government using for such purpose the nationalists and pushing forward his reforms. It was not just a mere case that the ones who lost this battle were the Italian diplomats in Albania and the hierarchy of the Catholic clergy.

Tomor Osmani

Tre shekuj nga zbulimi i “Mesharit” të Gjon Buzukut

Abstract

The Discovery of Meshari three Centuries on

Keywords: Meshari, Gjon Buzuku, Justin Rrota, Eqrem Çabej, Krajë, Ljarje, Shestan, Gjon Nikollë Kazazi, Demiraj.

It was in 1741 (or 1743) that Msgr Gjon Nikollë Kazazi, archbishop of Shkup, reported for the first time on the existence of a liturgy book in Albanian dating back to 1555. Then, for almost two centuries, the book fell in oblivion and its traces were lost. But then, in 1909, it was the Arbëresh bishop Pal Skiroi who rediscovered the book, photoed it and prepared a publication. Only excerpts though were published in 1910 in the newspaper Dielli (USA) and then in the newspaper Tomori, in Elbasan and in the Kristo Luarasi’s newspaper.
In 1929, Justin Rrota, o.f.m. decided to travel from Shkodra to Rome in order to photo the Meshari anew and bring copies in Albania. Eventually, he did manage to return with three copies, photoed and bound by the Vatican Library. So for the first time, complete and unabridged copies of the Meshari were available for Albanologists.
Author Osmani mentions among the rest that the origin of the author and the place where Meshari was published raised many doubts over the years. Linguist Eqerem Çabej, for instance, published a critical edition of the Meshari in 1968 where he also expounded his views, maintaining that in all likelihood the origin of Buzuku should be sought within the boundaries of Kraja, Ljarje and Shestan, west of Shkodër.

 

Mikaela Minga

Arkivi audiovizual dhe realiteti diktatorial

Abstract

Audiovisual archives and the reality in the dictatorship

Keywords: ethnomusicology, audio recordings, video recordings, audiovisual archive.

The paper explores the historical circumstances in which the audiovisual archive in the Institute of Cultural Anthropology and for the Study of Arts was founded. It considers not only the procedures of research in ethnomusicology but also the dictatorship and the directives of the authorities. Author Minga pays abundant attention to the procedures set for the audio recordings as well as to how ethnomusicology developed within the tight boundaries of the dictatorship.

Archivum

Nikë Stajka

Ditët e fundit të lirisë

Abstract

The Last Days of Freedom

Keywords: communism, Albania, Yugoslavia, persecution of the Catholic Church, Shkodra, Franciscans.

Nikë Stajka was born in Shirokë, Shkodër on 25 Dec. 1925.  Under the auspices of his Franciscan uncle Fr Frano Kiri, Nikë joined the Franciscan college in Shkodër where he attended the curricula along with the other would-be priests. When the Communists seized power in Albania and the college was forcefully closed down (1945), he was arrested and convicted. Shortly after having served his sentence, he managed to escape to Yugoslavia and then to Austria to finally reach the USA. In 1980, Nikë Stajka published The Last Days of Freedom, Vantage Press, NY, a narrative of his life in the Communist dictatorship in Albania. Nikë Stajka passed away on 18 August 2008 in Silver Spring, (Maryland, USA).
What follows is an exerpt from his memoirs "The Last Days of Freedom".

Letërsi

Evalda Paci

Narrativa tragjike e Gjovalin Gjadrit

Rafaela Marteta

Nëse "nuk des kush për kend", a ka një mënyrë me i pshtue dhimbjes - Shkrimi si terapi për dhimbjen

Viola Isufaj

E dashun ...

Recensione

Besim Kabashi: Automatische Verarbeitung der Morphologie des Albanischen, në "FAU Forschungen, Reihe B: Medizin, Naturwissenschaft, Technik", Bd. 6. University Press. Erlangen 2015 (Bardhyl Demiraj)

Kurt Gostenschnigg: "Wissenschaft im Spannungsfeld von Politik und Militär: Die österreichisch-ungarische Albanologie 1867-1918. "Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2018. 828 f. (Bardhyl Demiraj)

Nekrologji

Kolec Topalli (1938-2018) - nga Anila Omari