Instituti i martesës në Kanunin e Lekë Dukagjinit
The institution of marriage according to the Code of Laws of Lekë Dukagjini
Keywords: Arrha sponsalicia, Marriage, Kanun, Albania, Shtjefën Gjeçovi.
Widely studied by scholars, the Kanun (The Albanian Code of Laws) constitutes an invaluable source of information to gain insights into the innermost concepts and the feelings of the Albanians throughout history.
Author Ndreca devotes his attention to the institution of marriage amongst the Albanians, its intrinsic meaning, rights, obligations, duties and its influence on the everyday life. It is particularly interesting – the author points out – the friction between the so-called usus and the canons of the Roman Catholic church, with the latter rejecting the pre-matrimonial intercourse.
Initiated by the fiancé, Arrha sponsalicia (Alb. “shenji i fejesës”) was the first important step towards wedding and marriage. By pledging his troth, the man asserted his duties towards the woman but also his rights inherent to the dowry, offsprings, etc.
Carlo Pardi Suma
La figura di Ernesto Cozzi. Da missionario in Albania a Delegato Apostolico (II parte)
Msgr Ernesto Cozzi or, how a missionary became an Apostolic Delegate to Albania (Part two)
Keywords: Albania, Francesco Genovizzi, Jak Serreqi, Jesuits, Kultusprotektorat, Lazer Mjeda, Propaganda Fide, Willem Marinus van Rossum.
Msgr Ernesto Cozzi is often remembered as the first Apostolic Delegate to Albania from 1920 to 1926, the year when he passed away. However, what he was mostly distinguished for was the variety of the issues he dealt with, displaying capacity and determination. Initially a missionary in the remote Albanian mountains, he soon earned the admiration of his parishioners because of his devotion and personal integrity. The missionary picked up Albanian rapidly and studied the customs of the locals in-depth. An exceptional priest, Cozzi was an experienced doctor as well, always ready to provide medical assistance for his parishioners. Msgr Cozzi shared the aspirations of the Albanians for independence and contributed actively to many of their uprisings against the Ottoman rule. During many a battle he proved to be a disciplined and intrepid chaplain. His appointment by the Holy See as an Apostolic Visitator, and then a Delegate, was received by the Albanians with great joy, as Cozzi was now considered one of them. His even-handed attitude was also appreciated by Ahmet Zogu and other politicians, including the leadership of the other confessions.
The article recounts the steps leading up to his appointment as an Apostolic Visitator, or Delegate, to Albania and Montenegro.
Kurt Gostentschnigg, Karl Kaser
Albania’s Relations with Austria and Hungary in the Interwar Period – a Case of Postcolonialism?
Keywords: Albanian-Austrian relations; Albanian-Hungarian relations; Interwar Period; Postcolonialism.
After a period of close cooperation between Austro-Hungary and Albania before and during WWI the Republic of Albania as well as the Republic of German-Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary had to formulate completely new foreign policies due to the territorial results of WWI. In doing so, Albanian-Austrian and Albanian-Hungarian relations were downgraded, for instance, compared to Albania’s relations to Italy.
The overall aim of the submitted research project is a first reviewing of Albanian-Austrian and Albanian-Hungarian relations during the interwar period. There are only few isolated studies about certain aspects of these bilateral relations. Austria and Hungary did not have direct impact on Albania’s internal and external politics but only an indirect one exercised through education, expertise and research.
The most important question is whether these relations between a former Central European monarchy and a peripheral Balkan country should be considered postcolonial ones. What was the post-colonial legacy of the Austro-Hungarian colonial epoch in Albania in the interwar period? What was the Albanian post-colonial legacy in Austria and Hungary? In which fields did Austria’s and Hungary’s indirect contribution to Albania’s consolidation consist?
The most appropriate approach for the investigation of the interwar relations between Austria and Albania seems to be a theory-based postcolonial one. Postcolonial approaches explore cultural, economic, and political relations both of the colonial and the postcolonial era. The focus lies on the study of effects and leftovers of colonialism in nations, societies and cultures before and after independence, including both the decolonized societies and the colonizing societies. This includes also the evaluation of the Austrian and Hungarian contribution to the consolidation of the Albanian state and the Albanian legacy in Austria and Hungary.
Research on these questions and the social actors on both sides will be conducted in the Archive of the Republic in Vienna, the National Archives in Budapest, the State Archive in Tirana, in the Political Archive of the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin and in the file holdings of the Leibniz-Institute for East and Southeast European Studies in Regensburg. The analyses of all these file holdings, unpublished works and correspondence, monographs and articles as well as oral history interview records with Albanian descendants of Austrian citizens will be guided by the postcolonial approach of Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler.
Shprehje dëftore me funksion anamnestik
Indicative phrases with an anamnestic function
Keywords: indicative phrase, indicative, anaphora, cataphorus, deixis, anamnestic function, relationality, valence, emotionality.
The essay deals with a particular function of the indicative mode phrases, that is, with the anamnestic function. This is different from all other functions of the indicative. It is different to the anaphoric, kataphoric and deictic functions etc. Anamnestic expressions, such as compositions that contain an indicative mode and a noun, form a sense-affective unity. The indicative loses its authentic functions: deictic, determinative, phoric (anaphoric-cataphoric).
Its anamnestic function is imposed even to the noun next to it.
Fjala e Zotit ndër meditime e trajtesa të Imzot Vincenc Prennushit O.F.M.
God’s Word in the meditations and writings by Msgr Vincenc Prennushi o.f.m.
Keywords: God’s Word; pastoral letter; homily; Christian festivities.
The essay focuses on the writings of Msgr Vincenc Prennushi o.f.m. as a way to convey a clear pastoral message to the congregation in the first decades of the past century. Msgr Prennushi o.f.m. used a clear language for his homilies, enriched with new composites evoking earlier periods of the history of written Albanian. Specific collocations in his homilies and the observation of a determined liturgical calendar are one of the objects of this essay. Other themes the essay revolves around are the notes of Christian jubilation in such homilies and the messages that they convey. Author Paci also contemplates the figure of this prelate as a lecturer and predicator set against the background of a particular period in the life of the Christians in Albania.
La veste veneziana di Scanderbeg Principe di Epiro nella Historia di Barlezio. Ovvero se il linguaggio iconico è al servizio della politica.
Scanderbeg, Prince of Epirus in the Venetian apparel in the History by Marinus Barletius, or, how the iconic language serves the politics.
Keywords: Capitanesca hat, pomegranate pattern, alliance between Venice and the Papacy (1510), The Holy League (1511), Vittore Carpaccio.
The portray of Scanderbeg in the frontispiece of Historia de Vita et Gestis Scanderbegi Epirotarum Principis by Marinus Barletius is analysed in its composing details in this study. The peculiarities of the Venetian apparel and its decorations were necessary to convey a message. Comparing it with the Baptism of the Selenites, a painting by Vittore Carpaccio, helps understand the context in which both the History of Barletius and the painting of Carpaccio matured in, shedding light on the diplomatic implications between the Most Serene and the Papacy.